Recognized Supplier Guide ‘18

For the Business of Apparel Decorating

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Page 46 of 202

H E AT T R A N S F E R S & S U BLI M ATI O N What is dye migration and how can I avoid it? Dye migration most often happens when heat printing onto subli mated polyester. The dye in the gar ment begins to bleed through the plastisol printed on top. This process can occur when a subli mated gar ment reaches te mperatures of 280 degrees F. To suc- cessfully subli mate on polyester, be sure to use a transfer with a dye-blocking agent as well as a lo w-te mperature application. It is also i mportant to note that dye migration won't happen right a way. It could take days to weeks for the dye to bleed through enough to be noticeable. JODY MAZADE, HOWARD CUSTOM TRANSFERS How do I create artwork that won't close up when printed? When creating art work that has a lot of detail or is very s mall, closure issues can be a real proble m. Taking a fe w steps to address this issue can save ti me and get the end result you were hoping for. If text is s mall, it's best to use mediu m-thickness text; not too thin or too thick. Avoid extra outlines, drop shado ws, or text that sho ws through to the shirt. Also avoid lots of s mall detail in an i mage unless it's large. If an i mage is very s mall, try making it a sil- houette. A general rule of thu mb is the s maller the i mage, the less detail it should have. ANGELA MEDGYESI, STAHLS' TRANSFER EXPRESS What is a gang sheet? A gang sheet is a feature of screen-printed transfers. Multiple i mages can be "nested" or ganged onto one sheet, which reduces print costs since there is more than one print per sheet. The printer is passing on the savings of the reduced ink strokes. Ganged sheet sizes vary be- t ween manufacturers, so al ways ask what size the co mpany you are working with is using before setting up your art. JODY MAZADE, HOWARD CUSTOM TRANSFERS How do I gauge what light, medium, and rm pressure should be? Because of the nu mber of different heat press machines available, it can be dif cult to pin - point accurate pressure. So me heat presses offer Above: Ganged i mages help save costs on screen-printed transfers by print- ing multiple i mages on a single sheet. (I mage courtesy Transfer Express) Right: To subli mate on polyester, use a transfer with a dye-blocking agent and lo w-te mp application. (I mage courtesy Ho ward Custo m Transfers) Pressure is critical to proper curing and needs to be considered based on the type of material being pressed. (I mage courtesy Ho ward Custo m Transfers) What function does underlay stitching serve in embroidery designs? Underlay has four pri mary functions. To increase the coverage of the top stitch- ing to prevent the gar ment fro m sho wing through, lift stitching above the texture of the ground fabric or the stitching belo w, help hold the edge of top-stitched ele ments to a de ned contour, and marry a gar ment to the stabilizer belo w before a design runs. Underlay should be used as a foundation layer on which to build the top-stitching ele ments. Structural underlay of the correct type can allo w you to reduce top-stitching density while achieving co mplete coverage and clean edges, making for a lighter, more exible, and yet wholly attractive nish. ERICH CAMPBELL, ERICHCAMPBELL.COM How do I embroider on the back of a mesh cap? So me people think this is i mpossible be- cause of all the holes in the mesh. With the right stabilizer, you can do it! Use either adhesive backing, tear-a way backing, or cap backing. I reco m mend you use a dark back- ing with dark mesh caps and a white back- ing on the lighter caps, as you may see a bit of the backing fro m the outside of the cap when you are done. The backing is there to give the stitches so mething to hold on to when they are for med in the holes of the mesh. For this type of e mbroidery, you can use either sharp or ballpoint needles. JENNIFER COX, NATIONAL NETWORK OF EMBROIDERY PROFESSIONALS 42 || P RI N T W E A R O C T O B E R 2 01 8

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