May '19

For the Business of Apparel Decorating

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2 0 1 9 M A Y P R I N T W E A R 2 3 SATIN, COLUMN, OR STEIL STITCH Satin stitches track back and forth over a narrow area like a zig-zag with every other stitch perpendicular to the area's defined edges. The satin stitch has a shiny finish due to the un- broken, long threads in those straight passes. It is most often used for narrow elements like borders and strokes in text, including any item or line more than .8mm wide but is less than roughly 10–12mm wide at its widest point. Though used primarily for narrow objects, multiple columns of satin stitch can be overlapped to fill larger areas with a ripple-textured, yet shiny finish. Large elements can also use the related 'split satin', length-limit, or auto- split satin-like stitch types that break overly long stitches into shorter stitches still long enough to provide shine without risking easily snagged, slow-to-stitch 10mm-plus satins. background, they create solid-looking fine lines, perfect for engraving-styled designs. That said, the lines can appear broken and rough due to shadows at the penetration points when stitched in a light thread on a dark substrate. A notable variation is the 'bean' or 'triple' stitch. It tracks a line like a running stitch, with the difference that each stitch gener- ated receives three or more passes of thread, creating the look of thick, obvious stitches with deep penetration points. It is often used in designs where the look of thread, stitching, or dashed lines is present in the artwork. Though three-pass stitches are common, it can be made with any odd number of per-stitch passes. The extreme difference in brightness be- tween differing stitch angles as well as the variation in the brightness from the 'crown' of a satin stitch to its darker edges makes it a natural choice for creating texture. By varying the angle of the stitches between connected elements, two satins in the same Though infrequently seen in commercial work, motif run stitching, thick-lines of back stitching, simu- lated chain stitches, and chains of satin-like motifs can be applied to simple shapes or created as custom treatments with less effort than if manually created.

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