Awards & Engraving

October '16

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A&E OCTOBER 2016 • 63 Graphic Design on the stacking order, we can make sense out of that image. For instance, if we created a face using several vector objects and then created a hat using several others, we would want the hat objects to sit in front of the face objects in order for the hat to appear to be sitting on the head. So we create stacking orders for all the objects involved. This is accomplished by selecting an object and going to Arrange/Order and choosing from the available options that can be applied—To Front, To Back, Forward One, Backward One, etc. (fig 2) You can create objects, apply attributes, and arrange the objects in an appropriate stacking order. For the most part, these options are sufficient. However, in more complicated illustrations and layouts, the complexity may be more than can be dealt with easily through stacking order alone. PAGES AND LAYERS… Whenever we open CorelDraw, we are by default brought to a page of specific dimensions that we chose when we cre- ated the document. In our industry, we might never get beyond that first page, but the software is capable of creating multiple pages within a single document. In turn, each page can contain mul- tiple layers within that page. Again, most of us never get beyond that initial layer and may not even be aware that we are working in the top layer of Page 1 of our document. To us, it just appears to be a new document. We might never venture into multiple pages, but sometimes an extra layer or two can prove to be useful. Let's explore that a little. Assuming we have multiple objects, what could be more useful than an Object Manager, found by going to Tools/Object Manager? A docker of the same name will appear on your desktop, and within it you will see a diagram of all the pages and layers that the open document contains. The default is to automatically have one Page (labeled Page 1) and one Master Page, even if the user is unaware that they exist. You can have one page, three pages, 30, 300 and in most recent versions, up to 999 pages. Just like Page 1, the Object Manager will display each of those pages using similar icons and structure, including each page's layers. (fig 3) By default, each page has a minimum of two layers, and the Master Page has a min- imum of three layers. Layers are similarly labeled Layer 1, Layer 2, etc. However, each layer can also be renamed to something more specific, making it easier to keep track of how you want each layer to function. Remember the stacking order described above? Each layer also allows stacking order; you can also rearrange the stacking order of the layers by dragging them. Their vertical position indicates where a par- ticular layer falls within the layer stack. By rearranging the layer icons in the Object Manager, you can alter the stacking order. That's a lot of opportunity for arranging your objects on a page! When we create a document, we would automatically begin working on Page 1, Layer 1, even if we were unaware they existed. Within that single layer, we could change the stacking order of the objects on the page so that the image or layout made the most sense. If things got complicated, however, we could add more layers and arrange our objects across layers to better keep them separated and in order. Normally, the layers remain invisible—what we see is all the objects placed together on one page. Figure 4 Figure 5

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